The Johannes Vermeer Award, state prize for the arts, was awarded for the first time in 2009 to Pierre Audi, opera director, and subsequently in 2010 to Alex van Warmerdam, director, in 2011 to Erwin Olaf, photographer, in 2012 to visual artist Marlene Dumas, in 2013 to architect Rem Koolhaas, and in 2014 to graphic designer Irma Boom (see archive). In 2015 Michel van der Aa, composer, received the award. The award was instituted in 2008 by the then Minister of Education, Culture and Science, Ronald Plasterk (PvdA), in order to honour and encourage outstanding artistic talent. The award consists of a sum of 100,000 euros, mainly to be used for the realisation of a special project. The award is intended for artists working in the Netherlands and across all disciplines, ranging from dance to design, from fashion to music, from writing to painting.